Trees Native To Indiana

Dated: 03/30/2016

Views: 3086

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The Greater Indianapolis area, and the State of Indiana as a whole, is home to a wonderful variety of wildlife. Trees in Indiana, in particular, are abundant, and they vary in look and use. With spring approaching, Greater Indianapolis will have the option to choose from a number of beautiful native trees to add to their properties.

Tulip Tree

Liriodendron tulipifera, more commonly known as the Tulip Tree, the Tulip Poplar or the Yellow Poplar, is a large, deciduous tree that can grow up to 150 feet in height. While the Tulip Tree does flower, it is often difficult for homeowner to see its tulips because they are frequently at least 50 feet up into the tree. This tree is not originally native to Indiana. It was brought to the modern United States by British colonists. While the tree is beautiful, its wood is also highly prized. Tulip Tree wood has been used to create furniture, crates, musical instruments and toys.  

Eastern White Pine

Eastern White Pine, scientifically known as Pinus strobus, is another large tree commonly found in Indiana. They can be as much as 100 feet tall. While the Eastern White Pine is similar to the Tulip Tree in its impressive stature, it is not a deciduous tree. In fact, it is a conifer, or evergreen tree. As a conifer, it produces cones, which range from six to eight inches in size. The Eastern White Pine, while certainly common in Indiana, is particularly abundant in the northeastern United States. Coincidentally, it is also the state tree of Maine. It is harvested and used for construction, trim, pulpwood and millwork.

Red Maple

Acer rebrum, known more commonly as the Red Maple, is another beautiful tree found commonly in Indiana. Red Maples are typically shorter than Tulip Trees and Eastern White Pines, reaching anywhere between 40 and 60 feet in height in cultivation. In the wild, they can grow as tall as 120 feet, however. Red Maples are particularly famous for their beautiful, deep red leaves during the fall. Red Maples are also popular because they are very adaptive. Traditionally, they have had some trouble surviving in urban areas, but, in recent years, they have started to appear more often in these areas.

Eastern Hemlock

Eastern Hemlocks, Tsuga canadensis, are similar to Eastern White Pines. They too are a type of coniferous tree found in Indiana. They are typically between 40 and 70 feet in height. While they are generally recognized as a tree, many people trim them and use them as large bushes. Its needles are short and have a wonderful dark-green color. While Eastern Hemlocks are frequently valued for their aesthetics, they are additionally great for providing shade for homeowners.


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